【四川成考】专升本复习资料英语--精讲讲义4--辅音字母的读音规则

2019-08-01 四川自考成考
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二)辅音字母的读音规则

1.单个辅音字母的读音

字母

读音

例 词

b

[b]

black but

c

[s]

city place

[k]

can class

[ò]

在ia,ie,ious前

d

[d]

desk bed

f

[f]

for five

g

[ʤ]

large courage

[ɡ]

grain go

h

[h]

hot hard

j

[ʤ]

join joy

k

[k]

key look

l

[l]

lake little

m

[m]

money name

n

[n]

nice note

p

[p]

park loop

q


一般不单独出现

r

[r]

rice worry

s

[s]

glass sorry

[z]

is please

t

[t]

tell joint

[ò]

在ia,ie,ious前

v

[v]

vast massive

w

[w]

will want

x

[ks]

box six

[ɡz]

example exist

y

[j]

yard yellow

[i]

city country

[ai]

apply rely

z

[z]

zone zero

2. 辅音字母组合的读音

字母组合

读音

例 词

ch

[ʧ]

chair China

[k]

school

ck

[k]

black kick

gu(e)

[ɡ]

[ɡw]

guest guide

language distinguish

gh

[f]

rough enough

ph

[f]

photo telephone

sh

[ò]

she sheep

th

[θ]

[ð]

bath thank

that they

ng

[ŋ]

[ɡ]

sing long

finger English

qu

[kw]

quick require

ts

[ts]

seats parts

ds

[dz]

words birds

tr

[tr]

tree straits

dr

[dr]

dry drop

3.元音字母与辅音字母组合的读音

字母组合

读 音

例 词

igh

[ai]

high light

ing

[ŋ]

sing, thing

ong

[ɔŋ]

song, long

ung

[ʌŋ]

hung, lung

augh

[ɔ:]

taught

ough

[ɔ:f]

[ʌf]

cough

enough rough

[ɔ:]

brought, bought

综合练习朗读,语音文字部分见教材P13-14。

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